Similarities and Differences between Accounting and Bookkeeping

Many a times, bookkeeping is mistaken for accounting. Accounting is the systematic means of identifying, maintaining documents, classification, assessing and communicating financial information over a given amount of time so as to understand the losses and gains of a company whereas book keeping is a part of the procedure in accounting through record of financial transactions. Book keeping provides information essential for preparation of accounts. Both processes have their similarities and differences as outlined below.

Similarities

Records
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In both accounting and book keeping, records are very important. Book keeping demands daily noting down for simple accessibility when it comes to preparing reports and bookkeeping demands the documents for preparation and analyzing financial statements.
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Classification

From the daily transaction records, they are classified into various books i.e. bank book that is used to document the deposits and withdrawals made, buy book for the records of all purchases made on credit, money book used for the purpose of documenting all cash payments such as trade payables like trade payables and petty cash purchases and money receipts like trade receivables and cash sales and finally the earnings book by which non-cash earnings are recorded together with customer’s key details and afterwards transferred into the client’s account.

Differences

Tools used

Accounting makes use of the income statement, balance sheets And even cash flow statements because its most important tools while in book keeping journals and ledgers are utilized.

Financial statement preparation

While book keeping does not require any preparation of Financial statements, accounting is largely the preparation of these financial statements such as balance sheets, profit and loss statement and cash flow statements.

Management role

The direction Isn’t involved in book keeping but they’ve a particular interest in accounting documents because it is useful in checking on the operation of an organization and making of future choices based on that information.

Decision making

Whereas information provided by book keepers cannot be Solely used to make decisions, accounting data plays a significant part in making decision making in a company.

Job role

Book keeper’s roles are mainly to collect, record and classify information relating to financial transactions while accounting requires more skilled personnel to interpret and communicate the implications for decision making.

Skills needed

Accounting is a little complicated hence it requires particular skills while on the other hand accounting doesn’t require any particular skills because of its simple nature.

Categories

Accounting is classified to cost, management and financial accounting among other categories while reserve keeping is categorized into single entry and double entry.

A lot of people tend to confuse book keeping and accounting to be the same thing. However, as we have seen in this paper the two processes share some common characteristics and as well have their differences that distinguish one from another.

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